Monday, May 25, 2020

The Design Of Machines And The Narrative Of The Life Of...

Over time, Man has developed various institutions, such as slavery and the design of machines, to work for him. Despite the intentions Man had, such institutions have led to the destruction of humanity on earth. Referencing the texts R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots) by Karel ÄÅ'apek and The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass by Frederick Douglass, this essay postulates that the design of machines and the use of slavery have led to the overall destruction of humanity. Though it is important to identify that critics may argue that such institutions have benefitted humanity by making it stronger and more powerful, it is more valid to argue that the institutions developed by man have led to Man’s destruction. It is tenable to state†¦show more content†¦In the play R.U.R., Domin’s robots see to all of man’s needs, Alquist points out to Helena that Man’s reliance on machines is the reason for the great decrease in natality; no woman would desire to bear children with a man who did nothing and was merely superfluous to society. As stated by Fibrous, â€Å"From a technical standpoint, the whole of childhood is pure nonsense. Simply wasted time.† The robots had taken away the need to waste the time producing children, because children were not beneficial to society. Even after the children grew to become adults, it is plausible to say that adults are less beneficial to society than the robots are. According to Fabry, one robot is capable of doing the work of two and a half human laborers, and robots were faster and more convenient to make. It could be argued that the ability to reproduce in order to develop society is a characteristic of being human, and the use of machines arguably destroys the humanity of Man, making man more dependent on things that make work easier. Similar to machines, it could be argued that the use of slaves is also destructive to humanity, because it takes the stress of labor off of the whites and places that stress onto the blacks and mullatos, forcing the whites to rely on the production of the slaves. Any person who was not white was treated as if they were an animal or machine; the whites did not care whether they were sick or hungry, they needed to work. The slaves were put

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Gang Affiliation and Social Factors Underlying their...

We have discussed gang affiliation and the social factors underlying their deviant behavior, however, the motives for why people engage in this deviant behavior have different sociological theoretical explanations. I will use the following theories to interpret and analyze this cause of deviance. Functionalist theory/perspective The Functionalist theory through the studies of Durkheim, states that society is comprised of a greater network of parts that contributes to its stability. The functionalist theory believes that even a person who contributes nothing positive to society is still an important part of a society that shouldnt be replaced. Functionalists see crime and deviance resulting from structural tensions and a lack of moral regulation within society. This idea is valid in our study of gangs, where crime and related deviant behaviors arise from tensions in social structures. The functionalist theory demonstrates why the lower social class is more inclined to commit crime and deviance. If a functionalist were to study gangs, they would explain how the contribute and/or detract from social stability. Some contributions include separating individuals into different groups, providing an example of deviant behavior, and encouraging the development of institutions of social control. Further, some examples of detracting the stability may include deteriorating social integration and too much liberalism for a society to take. According to the functional perspective, gangsShow MoreRelated The Perpetuation of Negative Images of African Americans through Mass Media1701 Words   |  7 Pagesthat will slit your throat (Moore 57). The mass media has played and will continue to play a crucial role in the way white Americans perceive African-Americans. As a result of the overwhelming media focus on crime, drug use, gang violence, and other forms of anti-social behavior among African-Americans, the media is fostering a distorted public perception of African-Americans. Looking at past examples of African Americans treatment in the media, one can see that the media has become the main perpetratorRead MoreWhat Are the Major Issues That Cause Inner City Youth to Join Gangs and Become Delinquent? Discuss Whether the New Labour Government’s Policies Have Been Effective in Solving These Issues?8138 Words   |  33 PagesSOCIAL POLICY PROJECT MODULE: SS3P02N Question: What are the major issues that cause inner city youth to join gangs and become delinquent? Discuss whether the New Labour Government’s policies have been effective in solving these issues? 2010 Project by: Alice Mutumba Student No: 05038460 CONTENTS PAGE 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Summary The perception that gang culture in relation to youth crime is growing in the UK is intensified by the media, it is very rare to read a daily paper these days withoutRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pages Organizational Behavior This page intentionally left blank Organizational Behavior EDITION 15 Stephen P. Robbins —San Diego State University Timothy A. Judge —University of Notre Dame i3iEi35Bj! Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editorial Director: Sally Yagan Director of Editorial Services:Read MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pages mymanagementlab is an online assessment and preparation solution for courses in Principles of Management, Human Resources, Strategy, and Organizational Behavior that helps you actively study and prepare material for class. Chapter-by-chapter activities, including built-in pretests and posttests, focus on what you need to learn and to review in order to succeed. Visit www.mymanagementlab.com to learn more. DEVELOPING MANAGEMENT SKILLS EIGHTH EDITION David A. Whetten BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY Read MoreStrategic Marketing Management337596 Words   |  1351 Pagesevolution of environmental analysis The political, economic, social and technological environments Coming to terms with the industry and market breakpoints Coming to terms with the very different future: the implications for marketing planning Approaches to environmental analysis and scanning Summary 5 Approaches to customer analysis 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 Learning objectives Introduction Coming to terms with buyer behaviour Factors influencing consumer behaviour The buying decision process

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Jesse Greenes Articles on the Issues Around Same Sex...

For the past three years, Jesse Greene, journalist for the New York Magazine, has been focused on the insight of the relationships and lives of people in the L(esbian)G(ay)B(isexual)T(ransgender) community. In the article, From â€Å"I do† to â€Å"I’m done†, he writes about a gay couple, Kevin Muir and Sam Ritchie, who have been together since 1997. They have been in a relationship much like a normal couple would, they lived with each other, they had shared real estate, credit cards, etc. Jesse describes them as having a happy and healthy relationship after they got married on May 8th, 2004. Going into their marriage, the desire for children became more serious and they began to look into adoption. Jesse describes their journey through the†¦show more content†¦The editors of The Slant are: Stephanie Fairyington, a present freelanced writer for New York. She is a former fact-checker and her work has appeared on CNN, Huffington Post, the New York Obser ver, and many other news sources. The next editor is Shirley Velasquez. She too is a freelanced editor and writer who was a researcher for Rolling Stone and Women’s Health. Her work has appeared in Glamour, Woman’s Day, The New York Sun, Patriot Acts: Narratives of Post-9/11 Injustice (McSweeney’s/Voice of Witness) and many other places. These two well knows writers decided to interview Jesse Greene because of a memoir he wrote called The Velveteen Father: An Unexpected Journey to Parenthood, lives in Brooklyn Heights with his partner and two sons. When he began his studies of identity and sexuality on young children, he worked with expert psychiatrists, psychologist, and social workers in New York to understand gender dysmorphia, a condition in which one’s â€Å"biological gender† does not match one’s self-perception or â€Å"brain gender.† Through his help, he was able to find families dealing with a child going through this condition at a young age. Going into is study, he had a stereotypical view of transgender, gay and lesbian individual but, ironically, he was gay himself. For 11 months, he interviewed 30 people and their families to see what children deal with when they feel like they don’t belong to their gender and

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

ECON 202 CH. 6 Essay Example For Students

ECON 202 CH. 6 Essay The price elasticity of demand coefficient measures: A. buyer responsiveness to price changes. B. the extent to which a demand curve shifts as incomes change. C. the slope of the demand curve. D. how far business executives can stretch their fixed costs. A. buyer responsiveness to price changes. The basic formula for the price elasticity of demand coefficient is: A. absolute decline in quantity demanded/absolute increase in price. B. percentage change in quantity demanded/percentage change in price. C. absolute decline in price/absolute increase in quantity demanded. D. percentage change in price/percentage change in quantity demanded. B. percentage change in quantity demanded/percentage change in price. The demand for a product is inelastic with respect to price if: A. consumers are largely unresponsive to a per unit price change. B. the elasticity coefficient is greater than 1. C. a drop in price is accompanied by a decrease in the quantity demanded. D. a drop in price is accompanied by an increase in the quantity demanded. A. consumers are largely unresponsive to a per unit price change. If the price elasticity of demand for a product is 2.5, then a price cut from $2.00 to $1.80 will: A. increase the quantity demanded by about 2.5 percent. B. decrease the quantity demanded by about 2.5 percent. C. increase the quantity demanded by about 25 percent. D. increase the quantity demanded by about 250 percent. C. increase the quantity demanded by about 25 percent. Suppose that as the price of Y falls from $2.00 to $1.90 the quantity of Y demanded increases from 110 to 118. Then the price elasticity of demand is: A. 4.00. B. 2.09. C. 1.37. D. 3.94. C. 1.37. Which of the following is not characteristic of the demand for a commodity that is elastic? A. The relative change in quantity demanded is greater than the relative change in price. B. Buyers are relatively sensitive to price changes. C. Total revenue declines if price is increased. D. The elasticity coefficient is less than one. D. The elasticity coefficient is less than one. If the demand for product X is inelastic, a 4 percent increase in the price of X will: A. decrease the quantity of X demanded by more than 4 percent. B. decrease the quantity of X demanded by less than 4 percent. C. increase the quantity of X demanded by more than 4 percent. D. increase the quantity of X demanded by less than 4 percent. B. decrease the quantity of X demanded by less than 4 percent. If a firm can sell 3,000 units of product A at $10 per unit and 5,000 at $8, then: A. the price elasticity of demand is 0.44. B. A is a complementary good. C. the price elasticity of demand is 2.25. D. A is an inferior good. C. the price elasticity of demand is 2.25. A perfectly inelastic demand schedule: A. rises upward and to the right, but has a constant slope. B. can be represented by a line parallel to the vertical axis. C. cannot be shown on a two-dimensional graph. D. can be represented by a line parallel to the horizontal axis. B. can be represented by a line parallel to the vertical axis. The larger the coefficient of price elasticity of demand for a product, the: A. larger the resulting price change for an increase in supply. B. more rapid the rate at which the marginal utility of that product diminishes. C. less competitive will be the industry supplying that product. D. smaller the resulting price change for an increase in supply. D. smaller the resulting price change for an increase in supply. Most demand curves are relatively elastic in the upper-left portion because the original price: A. and quantity from which the percentage changes in price and quantity are calculated are both large. B. and quantity from which the percentage changes in price and quantity are calculated are both small. C. from which the percentage price change is calculated is small and the original quantity from which the percentage change in quantity is calculated is large. D. from which the percentage price change is calculated is large and the original quantity from which the percentage change in quantity is calculated is small. D. from which the percentage price change is calculated is large and the original quantity from which the percentage change in quantity is calculated is small. The price elasticity of demand for widgets is 0.80. Assuming no change in the demand curve for widgets, a 16 percent increase in sales implies a: A. 1 percent reduction in price. B. 12 percent reduction in price. C. 40 percent reduction in price. D. 20 percent reduction in price. D. 20 percent reduction in price. Suppose Aiyannas Pizzeria currently faces a linear demand curve and is charging a very high price per pizza and doing very little business. Aiyanna now decides to lower pizza prices by 5 percent per week for an indefinite period of time. We can expect that each successive week: A. demand will become more price elastic. B. price elasticity of demand will not change as price is lowered. C. demand will become less price elastic. D. the elasticity of supply will increase. C. demand will become less price elastic. The price elasticity of demand of a straight-line demand curve is: A. elastic in high-price ranges and inelastic in low-price ranges. B. elastic, but does not change at various points on the curve. C. inelastic, but does not change at various points on the curve. D. 1 at all points on the curve. A. elastic in high-price ranges and inelastic in low-price ranges. A leftward shift in the supply curve of product X will increase equilibrium price to a greater extent the: A. more elastic the supply curve. B. larger the elasticity of demand coefficient. C. more elastic the demand for the product. D. more inelastic the demand for the product. D. more inelastic the demand for the product. If the demand for bacon is relatively elastic, a 10 percent decline in the price of bacon will: A. decrease the amount demanded by more than 10 percent. B. increase the amount demanded by more than 10 percent. C. decrease the amount demanded by less than 10 percent. D. increase the amount demanded by less than 10 percent. B. increase the amount demanded by more than 10 percent. The price elasticity of demand is generally: A. negative, but the minus sign is ignored. B. positive, but the plus sign is ignored. C. positive for normal goods and negative for inferior goods. D. positive because price and quantity demanded are inversely related. A. negative, but the minus sign is ignored. For a linear demand curve: A. elasticity is constant along the curve. B. elasticity is unity at every point on the curve. C. demand is elastic at low prices. D. demand is elastic at high prices. D. demand is elastic at high prices. The price of product X is reduced from $100 to $90 and, as a result, the quantity demanded increases from 50 to 60 units. Therefore demand for X in this price range: A. has declined. B. is of unit elasticity. C. is inelastic. D. is elastic. D. is elastic. If a demand for a product is elastic, the value of the price elasticity coefficient is: A. zero. B. greater than one. C. equal to one. D. less than one. B. greater than one. The concept of price elasticity of demand measures: A. the slope of the demand curve. B. the number of buyers in a market. C. the extent to which the demand curve shifts as the result of a price decline. D. the sensitivity of consumer purchases to price changes. D. the sensitivity of consumer purchases to price changes. Suppose the price of local cable TV service increased from $16.20 to $19.80 and as a result the number of cable subscribers decreased from 224,000 to 176,000. Along this portion of the demand curve, price elasticity of demand is: A. 0.8. B. 1.2. C. 1.6. D. 8.0 B. 1.2. If the price of hand calculators falls from $10 to $9 and, as a result, the quantity demanded increases from 100 to 125, then: A. demand is elastic. B. demand is inelastic. C. demand is of unit elasticity. D. not enough information is given to make a statement about elasticity. A. demand is elastic. A perfectly inelastic demand curve: A. has a price elasticity coefficient greater than unity. B. has a price elasticity coefficient of unity throughout. C. graphs as a line parallel to the vertical axis. D. graphs as a line parallel to the horizontal axis. C. graphs as a line parallel to the vertical axis. If quantity demanded is completely unresponsive to price changes, demand is: A. perfectly inelastic. B. perfectly elastic. C. relatively inelastic. D. relatively elastic. A. perfectly inelastic. A firm can sell as much as it wants at a constant price. Demand is thus: A. perfectly inelastic. B. perfectly elastic. C. relatively inelastic. D. relatively elastic. B. perfectly elastic. A demand curve which is parallel to the horizontal axis is: A. perfectly inelastic. B. perfectly elastic. C. relatively inelastic. D. relatively elastic. B. perfectly elastic. When the percentage change in price is greater than the resulting percentage change in quantity demanded: A. a decrease in price will increase total revenue. B. demand may be either elastic or inelastic. C. an increase in price will increase total revenue. D. demand is elastic. C. an increase in price will increase total revenue. Suppose the price elasticity coefficients of demand are 1.43, 0.67, 1.11, and 0.29 for products W, X, Y, and Z respectively. A 1 percent decrease in price will increase total revenue in the case(s) of: A. W and Y. B. Y and Z. C. X and Z. D. Z and W. A. W and Y. Which of the following statements is not correct? A. If the relative change in price is greater than the relative change in the quantity demanded associated with it, demand is inelastic. B. In the range of prices in which demand is elastic, total revenue will diminish as price decreases. C. Total revenue will not change if price varies within a range where the elasticity coefficient is unity. D. Demand tends to be elastic at high prices and inelastic at low prices. B. In the range of prices in which demand is elastic, total revenue will diminish as price decreases. In which of the following instances will total revenue decline? A. price rises and supply is elastic B. price falls and demand is elastic C. price rises and demand is inelastic D. price rises and demand is elastic D. price rises and demand is elastic If a firms demand for labor is elastic, a union-negotiated wage increase will: A. necessarily be inflationary. B. cause the firms total payroll to increase. C. cause the firms total payroll to decline. D. cause a shortage of labor. C. cause the firms total payroll to decline. The Illinois Central Railroad once asked the Illinois Commerce Commission for permission to increase its commuter rates by 20 percent. The railroad argued that declining revenues made this rate increase essential. Opponents of the rate increase contended that the railroads revenues would fall because of the rate hike. It can be concluded that: A. both groups felt that the demand was elastic but for different reasons. B. both groups felt that the demand was inelastic but for different reasons. C. the railroad felt that the demand for passenger service was inelastic and opponents of the rate increase felt it was elastic. D. the railroad felt that the demand for passenger service was elastic and opponents of the rate increase felt it was inelastic. C. the railroad felt that the demand for passenger service was inelastic and opponents of the rate increase felt it was elastic. If a firm finds that it can sell $13,000 worth of a product when its price is $5 per unit and $11,000 worth of it when its price is $6, then: A. the demand for the product is elastic in the $6-$5 price range. B. the demand for the product must have increased. C. elasticity of demand is 0.74. D. the demand for the product is inelastic in the $6-$5 price range. A. the demand for the product is elastic in the $6-$5 price range. Suppose the price elasticity of demand for bread is 0.20. If the price of bread falls by 10 percent, the quantity demanded will increase by: A. 2 percent and total expenditures on bread will rise. B. 2 percent and total expenditures on bread will fall. C. 20 percent and total expenditures on bread will fall. D. 20 percent and total expenditures on bread will rise. B. 2 percent and total expenditures on bread will fall. Gigantic State University raises tuition for the purpose of increasing its revenue so that more faculty can be hired. GSU is assuming that the demand for education at GSU is: A. decreasing. B. relatively elastic. C. perfectly elastic. D. relatively inelastic. D. relatively inelastic. If the demand for farm products is price inelastic, a good harvest will cause farm revenues to: A. increase. B. decrease. C. be unchanged. D. either increase or decrease, depending on what happens to supply. B. decrease. Other things the same, if a price change causes total revenue to change in the opposite direction, demand is: A. perfectly inelastic. B. relatively elastic. C. relatively inelastic. D. of unit elasticity. B. relatively elastic. If the price elasticity of demand for a product is unity, a decrease in price will: A. have no effect upon the amount purchased. B. increase the quantity demanded and increase total revenue. C. increase the quantity demanded, but decrease total revenue. D. increase the quantity demanded, but total revenue will be unchanged. D. increase the quantity demanded, but total revenue will be unchanged. In which of the following cases will total revenue increase? A. price falls and demand is inelastic B. price falls and supply is elastic C. price rises and demand is inelastic D. price rises and demand is elastic C. price rises and demand is inelastic A manufacturer of frozen pizzas found that total revenue decreased when price was lowered from $5 to $4. It was also found that total revenue decreased when price was raised from $5 to $6. Thus, A. the demand for pizza is elastic above $5 and inelastic below $5. B. the demand for pizza is elastic both above and below $5. C. the demand for pizza is inelastic above $5 and elastic below $5. D. $5 is not the equilibrium price of pizza. A. the demand for pizza is elastic above $5 and inelastic below $5. The total-revenue test for elasticity: A. is equally applicable to both demand and supply. B. does not apply to demand because price and quantity are inversely related. C. does not apply to supply because price and quantity are directly related. D. applies to the short-run supply curve, but not to the long-run supply curve. C. does not apply to supply because price and quantity are directly related. If the University Chamber Music Society decides to raise ticket prices to provide more funds to finance concerts, the Society is assuming that the demand for tickets is: A. parallel to the horizontal axis. B. shifting to the left. C. inelastic. D. elastic. C. inelastic. The state legislature has cut Gigantic State Universitys appropriations. GSUs Board of Regents decides to increase tuition fees to compensate for the loss of revenue. The board is assuming that the: A. demand for education at GSU is elastic. B. demand for education at GSU is inelastic. C. coefficient of price elasticity of demand for education at GSU is unity. D. coefficient of price elasticity of demand for education at GSU is greater than unity. B. demand for education at GSU is inelastic. Which of the following is correct? A. If demand is elastic, an increase in price will increase total revenue. B. If demand is elastic, a decrease in price will decrease total revenue. C. If demand is elastic, a decrease in price will increase total revenue. D. If demand is inelastic, an increase in price will decrease total revenue. C. If demand is elastic, a decrease in price will increase total revenue. Suppose that the price of peanuts falls from $3 to $2 per bushel and that, as a result, the total revenue received by peanut farmers changes from $16 to $14 billion. Thus: A. the demand for peanuts is elastic. B. the demand for peanuts is inelastic. C. the demand curve for peanuts has shifted to the right. D. no inference can be made as to the elasticity of demand for peanuts. B. the demand for peanuts is inelastic. Which of the following is correct? A. If the demand for a product is inelastic, a change in price will cause total revenue to change in the opposite direction. B. If the demand for a product is inelastic, a change in price will cause total revenue to change in the same direction. C. If the demand for a product is inelastic, a change in price may cause total revenue to change in either the opposite or the same direction. D. The price elasticity coefficient applies to demand, but not to supply. B. If the demand for a product is inelastic, a change in price will cause total revenue to change in the same direction. The demand schedules for such products as eggs, bread, and electricity tend to be: A. perfectly price elastic. B. of unit price elasticity. C. relatively price inelastic. D. relatively price elastic. C. relatively price inelastic. The elasticity of demand for a product is likely to be greater: A. if the product is a necessity, rather than a luxury good. B. the greater the amount of time over which buyers adjust to a price change. C. the smaller the proportion of ones income spent on the product. D. the smaller the number of substitute products available. B. the greater the amount of time over which buyers adjust to a price change. We would expect: A. the demand for Coca-Cola to be less price elastic than the demand for soft drinks in general. B. the demand for Coca-Cola to be more price elastic than the demand for soft drinks in general. C. no relationship between the price elasticity of demand for Coca-Cola and the price elasticity of demand for soft drinks in general. B. the demand for Coca-Cola to be more price elastic than the demand for soft drinks in general. The narrower the definition of a product: A. the larger the number of substitutes and the greater the price elasticity of demand. B. the smaller the number of substitutes and the greater the price elasticity of demand. C. the larger the number of substitutes and the smaller the price elasticity of demand. D. the smaller the number of substitutes and the smaller the price elasticity of demand. A. the larger the number of substitutes and the greater the price elasticity of demand. The more time consumers have to adjust to a change in price: A. the smaller will be the price elasticity of demand. B. the greater will be the price elasticity of demand. C. the more likely the product is a normal good. D. the more likely the product is an inferior good. B. the greater will be the price elasticity of demand. The demand for autos is likely to be: A. less price elastic than the demand for Honda Accords. B. more price elastic than the demand for Honda Accords. C. of the same price elasticity as the demand for Honda Accords. D. perfectly inelastic. A. less price elastic than the demand for Honda Accords. Price elasticity of demand is generally: A. greater in the long run than in the short run. B. greater in the short run than in the long run. C. the same in both the short run and the long run. D. greater for necessities than it is for luxuries. A. greater in the long run than in the short run. Which of the following generalizations is not correct? A. The larger an item is in ones budget, the greater the price elasticity of demand. B. The price elasticity of demand is greater for necessities than it is for luxuries. C. The larger the number of close substitutes available, the greater will be the price elasticity of demand for a particular product. D. The price elasticity of demand is greater the longer the time period under consideration. B. The price elasticity of demand is greater for necessities than it is for luxuries. If price and total revenue vary in opposite directions, demand is: A. perfectly inelastic. B. perfectly elastic. C. relatively inelastic. D. relatively elastic. D. relatively elastic. The demand for a luxury good whose purchase would exhaust a big portion of ones income is: A. perfectly price inelastic. B. perfectly price elastic. C. relatively price inelastic. D. relatively price elastic. D. relatively price elastic. The demand for a necessity whose cost is a small portion of ones total income is: A. perfectly price inelastic. B. perfectly price elastic. C. relatively price inelastic. D. relatively price elastic. C. relatively price inelastic. The price elasticity of supply measures how: A. easily labor and capital can be substituted for one another in the production process. B. responsive the quantity supplied of X is to changes in the price of X. C. responsive the quantity supplied of Y is to changes in the price of X. D. responsive quantity supplied is to a change in incomes. B. responsive the quantity supplied of X is to changes in the price of X. The main determinant of elasticity of supply is the: A. number of close substitutes for the product available to consumers. B. amount of time the producer has to adjust inputs in response to a price change. C. urgency of consumer wants for the product. D. number of uses for the product. B. amount of time the producer has to adjust inputs in response to a price change. Suppose the supply of product X is perfectly inelastic. If there is an increase in the demand for this product, equilibrium price: A. will decrease but equilibrium quantity will increase. B. and quantity will both decrease. C. will increase but equilibrium quantity will decline. D. will increase but equilibrium quantity will be unchanged. D. will increase but equilibrium quantity will be unchanged. The supply of product X is elastic if the price of X rises by: A. 5 percent and quantity supplied rises by 7 percent. B. 8 percent and quantity supplied rises by 8 percent. C. 10 percent and quantity supplied remains the same. D. 7 percent and quantity supplied rises by 5 percent. A. 5 percent and quantity supplied rises by 7 percent. The supply of product X is inelastic (but not perfectly inelastic) if the price of X rises by: A. 5 percent and quantity supplied rises by 7 percent. B. 8 percent and quantity supplied rises by 8 percent. C. 10 percent and quantity supplied remains the same. D. 7 percent and quantity supplied rises by 5 percent. D. 7 percent and quantity supplied rises by 5 percent. The elasticity of supply of product X is unitary if the price of X rises by: A. 5 percent and quantity supplied rises by 7 percent. B. 8 percent and quantity supplied rises by 8 percent. C. 10 percent and quantity supplied stays the same. D. 7 percent and quantity supplied rises by 5 percent. B. 8 percent and quantity supplied rises by 8 percent. The supply of product X is perfectly inelastic if the price of X rises by: A. 5 percent and quantity supplied rises by 7 percent. B. 8 percent and quantity supplied rises by 8 percent. C. 10 percent and quantity supplied stays the same. D. 7 percent and quantity supplied rises by 5 percent. C. 10 percent and quantity supplied stays the same. It takes a considerable amount of time to increase the production of pork. This implies that: A. a change in the demand for pork will not affect its price in the short run. B. the short-run supply curve for pork is less elastic than the long-run supply curve for pork. C. an increase in the demand for pork will elicit a larger supply response in the short run than in the long run. D. the long-run supply curve for pork is less elastic than the short-run supply curve for pork. B. the short-run supply curve for pork is less elastic than the long-run supply curve for pork. Suppose that the price of product X rises by 20 percent and the quantity supplied of X increases by 15 percent. The coefficient of price elasticity of supply for good X is: A. negative and therefore X is an inferior good. B. positive and therefore X is a normal good. C. less than 1 and therefore supply is inelastic. D. more than 1 and therefore supply is elastic. C. less than 1 and therefore supply is inelastic. If the supply of product X is perfectly elastic, an increase in the demand for it will increase: A. equilibrium quantity but reduce equilibrium price. B. equilibrium quantity but equilibrium price will be unchanged. C. equilibrium price but reduce equilibrium quantity. D. equilibrium price but equilibrium quantity will be unchanged. B. equilibrium quantity but equilibrium price will be unchanged. Suppose the price of a product rises and the total revenue of sellers increases. A. It can be concluded that the demand for the product is elastic. B. It can be concluded that the supply of the product is elastic. C. It can be concluded that the supply of the product is inelastic. D. No conclusion can be reached with respect to the elasticity of supply. D. No conclusion can be reached with respect to the elasticity of supply. Supply curves tend to be: A. perfectly elastic in the long run because consumer demand will have sufficient time to adjust fully to changes in supply. B. more elastic in the long run because there is time for firms to enter or leave the industry. C. perfectly inelastic in the long run because the law of scarcity imposes absolute limits on production. D. less elastic in the long run because there is time for firms to enter or leave an industry. B. more elastic in the long run because there is time for firms to enter or leave the industry. For an increase in demand the price effect is smallest and the quantity effect is largest: A. when supply is least elastic. B. in the long run. C. in the short run. D. in the immediate market period. B. in the long run. A supply curve that is a vertical straight line indicates that: A. production costs for this product cannot be calculated. B. the relationship between price and quantity supplied is inverse. C. a change in price will have no effect on the quantity supplied. D. an unlimited amount of the product will be supplied at a constant price. C. a change in price will have no effect on the quantity supplied. A supply curve that is parallel to the horizontal axis suggests that: A. the industry is organized monopolistically. B. the relationship between price and quantity supplied is inverse. C. a change in demand will change price in the same direction. D. a change in demand will change the equilibrium quantity but not price. D. a change in demand will change the equilibrium quantity but not price. An increase in demand will increase equilibrium price to a greater extent: A. if the product is a normal good. B. if the product is an inferior good. C. the less elastic the supply curve. D. the more elastic the supply curve. C. the less elastic the supply curve. The supply of known Monet paintings is: A. perfectly elastic. B. perfectly inelastic. C. relatively elastic. D. relatively inelastic. B. perfectly inelastic. An antidrug policy which reduces the supply of heroin might: A. increase street crime because the addicts demand for heroin is highly inelastic. B. reduce street crime because the addicts demand for heroin is highly elastic. C. reduce street crime because the addicts demand for heroin is highly inelastic. D. increase street crime because the addicts demand for heroin is highly elastic. A. increase street crime because the addicts demand for heroin is highly inelastic. Studies of the minimum wage suggest that the price elasticity of demand for teenage workers is relatively inelastic. This means that: A. an increase in the minimum wage would increase the total incomes of teenage workers as a group. B. an increase in the minimum wage would decrease the total incomes of teenage workers as a group. C. the unemployment effect of an increase in the minimum wage would be relatively large. D. the cross elasticity of demand between teenage and adult workers is positive and very large. A. an increase in the minimum wage would increase the total incomes of teenage workers as a group. Studies show that the demand for gasoline is: A. price inelastic in the short run, but elastic in the long run. B. price inelastic in both the short and long run. C. price elastic in the short run, but inelastic in the long run. D. price elastic in both the short and long run. B. price inelastic in both the short and long run. Farmers often find that large bumper crops are associated with declines in their gross incomes. This suggests that: A. farm products are normal goods. B. farm products are inferior goods. C. the price elasticity of demand for farm products is less than 1. D. the price elasticity of demand for farm products is greater than 1. C. the price elasticity of demand for farm products is less than 1. The supply curve of a one-of-a-kind original painting is: A. relatively elastic. B. relatively inelastic. C. perfectly inelastic. D. perfectly elastic. C. perfectly inelastic. The price of old baseball cards rises rapidly with increases in demand because: A. the supply of old baseball cards is price inelastic. B. the supply of old baseball cards is price elastic. C. the demand for old baseball cards is price inelastic. D. the demand for old baseball cards is price elastic. A. the supply of old baseball cards is price inelastic. The supply curve of antique reproductions is: A. relatively elastic. B. relatively inelastic. C. perfectly inelastic. D. unit elastic. A. relatively elastic. Suppose the income elasticity of demand for toys is +2.00. This means that: A. a 10 percent increase in income will increase the purchase of toys by 20 percent. B. a 10 percent increase in income will increase the purchase of toys by 2 percent. C. a 10 percent increase in income will decrease the purchase of toys by 2 percent. D. toys are an inferior good. A. a 10 percent increase in income will increase the purchase of toys by 20 percent. If the income elasticity of demand for lard is -3.00, this means that: A. lard is a substitute for butter. B. lard is a normal good. C. lard is an inferior good. D. more lard will be purchased when its price falls. C. lard is an inferior good. The formula for cross elasticity of demand is percentage change in: A. quantity demanded of X/percentage change in price of X. B. quantity demanded of X/percentage change in income. C. quantity demanded of X/percentage change in price of Y. D. price of X/percentage change in quantity demanded of Y. C. quantity demanded of X/percentage change in price of Y. Cross elasticity of demand measures how sensitive purchases of a specific product are to changes in: A. the price of some other product. B. the price of that same product. C. income. D. the general price level. A. the price of some other product. The larger the positive cross elasticity coefficient of demand between products X and Y, the: A. stronger their complementariness. B. greater their substitutability. C. smaller the price elasticity of demand for both products. D. the less sensitive purchases of each are to increases in income B. greater their substitutability. We would expect the cross elasticity of demand between Pepsi and Coke to be: A. positive, indicating normal goods. B. positive, indicating inferior goods. C. positive, indicating substitute goods. D. negative, indicating substitute goods. C. positive, indicating substitute goods. We would expect the cross elasticity of demand between dress shirts and ties to be: A. positive, indicating normal goods. B. positive, indicating complementary goods. C. negative, indicating substitute goods. D. negative, indicating complementary goods. D. negative, indicating complementary goods. Compared to coffee, we would expect the cross elasticity of demand for: A. tea to be negative, but positive for cream. B. tea to be positive, but negative for cream. C. both tea and cream to be negative. D. both tea and cream to be positive. B. tea to be positive, but negative for cream. We would expect the cross elasticity of demand for Pepsi to be greater in relation to other soft drinks than that for soft drinks in general because: A. soft drinks are normal goods. B. the income effect always exceeds the substitution effect. C. there are fewer good substitutes for soft drinks as a whole than for Pepsi specifically. D. there are more good substitutes for soft drinks as a whole than for Pepsi specifically. C. there are fewer good substitutes for soft drinks as a whole than for Pepsi specifically. Suppose that a 10 percent increase in the price of normal good Y causes a 20 percent increase in the quantity demanded of normal good X. The coefficient of cross elasticity of demand is: A. negative and therefore these goods are substitutes. B. negative and therefore these goods are complements. C. positive and therefore these goods are substitutes. D. positive and therefore these goods are complements. C. positive and therefore these goods are substitutes. Suppose that a 20 percent increase in the price of normal good Y causes a 10 percent decline in the quantity demanded of normal good X. The coefficient of cross elasticity of demand is: A. negative and therefore these goods are substitutes. B. negative and therefore these goods are complements. C. positive and therefore these goods are substitutes. D. positive and therefore these goods are complements. B. negative and therefore these goods are complements. Assume that a 4 percent increase in income across the economy produces an 8 percent increase in the quantity demanded of good X. The coefficient of income elasticity of demand is: A. negative and therefore X is an inferior good. B. negative and therefore X is a normal good. C. positive and therefore X is an inferior good. D. positive and therefore X is a normal good. D. positive and therefore X is a normal good. Assume that a 6 percent increase in income in the economy produces a 3 percent increase in the quantity demanded of good X. The coefficient of income elasticity of demand is: A. negative and therefore X is an inferior good. B. positive but less than one; therefore X is an inferior good. C. positive and therefore X is an inferior good. D. positive and therefore X is a normal good. D. positive and therefore X is a normal good. Assume that a 3 percent increase in income across the economy produces a 1 percent decline in the quantity demanded of good X. The coefficient of income elasticity of demand for good X is: A. negative and therefore X is an inferior good. B. negative and therefore X is a normal good. C. positive and therefore X is an inferior good. D. positive and therefore X is a normal good. A. negative and therefore X is an inferior good. Which type of goods is most adversely affected by recessions? A. Goods for which the income elasticity coefficient is relatively low or negative. B. Goods for which the income elasticity coefficient is relatively high and positive. C. Goods for which the cross elasticity coefficient is positive. D. Goods for which the cross elasticity coefficient is negative. B. Goods for which the income elasticity coefficient is relatively high and positive. Which of the following goods (with their respective income elasticity coefficients in parentheses) will most likely suffer a decline in demand during a recession? A. Dinner at a nice restaurant (+1.8) B. Chicken purchased at the grocery store for preparation at home (+0.25) C. Facial tissue (+0.6) D. Plasma screen and LCD TVs (+4.2) D. Plasma screen and LCD TVs (+4.2) Which of the following goods will least likely suffer a decline in demand during a recession? A. Dinner at a nice restaurant B. iPods C. Toothpaste D. Plasma screen and LCD TVs C. Toothpaste

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Cyber Security Assessment

Introduction Socià ©tà © Gà ©nà ©rale Bank was established in 1864 in France by a caucus of moguls and investors with the aim of improving and bolstering their commercial ventures. Over the years, the bank has tremendously improved its financial outlay. This has enabled it to extend its presence in many nations. Today, the bank is among the successful financial institutions globally. Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Cyber Security specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The bank offers retail banking, savings schemes and intercontinental banking services. Thus, the bank handles thousands of varied transactions daily. Despite its success in the corporate arena, it has experienced a myriad of fraudulent cases which have affected its corporate profile and are likely to retard its future growth. This paper identifies and discusses the policies, vulnerabilities, risks and internal controls of Socià ©tà © Gà ©nà ©rale. Fraudsters have pervaded the financial sector with the banking subsector being the hardest hit. It has been quite challenging to track fraudsters because they apply sophisticated technologies which banks cannot keep pace with. In simple terms, bank fraud refers to the unlawful mechanisms of accessing or being in possession of money or other properties that belong to a financial company. Bank fraud can also be practiced in form of receiving money from shareholders by purporting to be a genuine financial institution. Destabilization of the financial base of an organization is one the most devastating effects of fraud. With reference to the banking sector, fraud can lead to a mass exodus of potential depositors who may no longer trust the bank with their savings. Second, fraud can cause serious liability to a bank; hence, culminating into a collapsed bank situation. Fraud in the bank can either be conducted by the staff or outsiders. In some cases, the two can conspire to siph on out assets and money from the bank. â€Å"The most serious incidence of fraud that Socià ©tà © Gà ©nà ©rale has ever witnessed occurred on 24-1-2008, when Jà ©rà ´me Kerviel (a single futures dealer) allegedly lost close to US$7.2 billion† (NBC News, 2008). This was the worst case of fraud the bank has suffered since its inception (CBS News, 2009). Kerviel is believed to have coordinated and executed a chain of fake transactions, which the bank could not trace. The management of the bank revealed that Kerviel exploited every loophole to hack the computer operations at the bank. He mainly focused on tampering with security control systems to pave way for his illegal transactions. The changes Kerviel effected on the computer systems helped him to get rid of credit controls; hence, the risk personnel could not easily track his huge transactions. Advertising Looking for assessment on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He was also reported to have stolen the secret codes of his workmates that served at the trading section and department of technology. Kerviel possessed vast technical control procedures that enabled him to manipulate the security installations. Thus, he was able to access important information that was out of reach to many employees. Having served in the back office for roughly six years, Kerviel learnt how the control systems of the bank operated. Finally, he gained privileged access codes that he used to eliminate five control systems before executing his transactions. An in-depth security analysis of the fraud incident revealed that lack of proper information control systems prompted the hacking of the privilege codeword. Privileged user accounts are one of the most secure IT venture settings, and are used to secure sensitive databases and servers. The secret codes are â€Å"generic in character; they encompass, but are not restricted to generic accoun ts such as administrator on Wintel platforms, root on UNIX systems, and hard-coded passwords† (Bishop, 2009, p. 345). One disadvantage of this kind of data security system is that in case the secret code is revealed to many individuals, several operating systems can easily be hacked. The bank was probably using a single security code to secure several systems. This kind of security system creates loopholes, which can easily be misused by fraudsters. System prowlers apply authentic codes to access systems just like privileged users. They like attacking systems because they are often secured using weak secret codes that can easily be conjectured or have remained unchanged for a long time. An application like Weblogic that is secured with embedded privileged secret codes has high chances of being hacked. Reviewing Current Policies The establishment of appropriate and reliable security policies at Socià ©tà © Gà ©nà ©rale needs a clear approach that will facilitate the identif ication of the current computer vulnerabilities. The status of the current security policies can be established by analyzing current documents and detecting parts of the system that lack appropriate policies. â€Å"The critical areas of the system that need to be reviewed include: physical access controls, network security policies, data security policies and contingency and disaster recovery plans and tests† (Gollmann, 2011, p. 123). Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Cyber Security specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More â€Å"In addition, documents that have confidential data like computer BIOS secret codes, router configuration secret codes and access control documents should also be reviewed† (Gollmann, 2011, p. 125). Examining the security requirements of Socià ©tà © Gà ©nà ©rale should also involve finding out the extent of its exposure to known threats. This analysis encompasses identifyin g the nature of the bank’s assets because they determine the type of risks it should be protected from. It is also important to list the potential risks because it enables the security personnel to determine techniques such as email hacking and viruses that can be applied in the attack. Therefore, the security personnel at Socià ©tà © Gà ©nà ©rale Bank should improve their skills of tackling such challenges. Improving Security Strategies A good security system is supposed to include both proactive and reactive approaches. A proactive strategy has a number of procedures that mitigate potential security risks and build up emergency plans. Determining the destruction that an onslaught will cause on a given data assists in creating a strategy that is proactive. On the other hand, a reactive plan assists in examining the extent of damage on a system after it has been hacked. This helps in making decisions such as repairing the corrupted system or implementing emergency plans. The first step towards securing the system is developing effective mechanisms for identifying potential risks and developing mechanisms to resist the potential risks. Start by securing the system against common threats. It is easier to prevent threats than to reconstruct the system after an attack. All potential threats that may destabilize the system should also be scrutinized by the security administrators. These potential threats include malevolent prowlers, non wicked threats, and natural calamities. Consider all of the possible threats that cause attacks on systems. Most of the attacks are caused by employees. Reactive Strategy A reactive strategy could offer the best solution to deal with the fraud case at Socià ©tà © Gà ©nà ©rale because the proactive strategy failed to secure the system. The reactive plan identifies the procedures that should be followed during and after intrusion. â€Å"This strategy detects the extent of the destruction caused and the loopholes tha t were taken advantage of in the attack, it establishes why it occurred, refurbish the spoilt systems, and execute an eventuality plan if available† (Pfleeger, 2008, p. 657). Reactive and proactive strategy work hand in hand to buildup security controls to mitigate intrusion and the destruction caused during such incidences.Advertising Looking for assessment on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Assess the Damage Identify the destruction that occurred during the intrusion. This process should be executed very quickly so that reconstruction of the system can commence as soon as possible. Establish the Source of the Damage This can be achieved by analyzing the system logs because they give clue about the origin of the attack. System and audit logs can also be examined because they are also instrumental in tracing the source of an attack. Repair the Damage Reconstruction of the system should be done immediately after detecting the source of the attack to facilitate the execution of usual operations and whatever information misplaced during the interruption. Document and Learn Where feasible, all attack situations must be analyzed and documented to identify the most appropriate security steps and controls that can secure the system. The security group should handle cases such as insider attacks and viruses. Such efforts generate skills that a company can apply and data to give out before and after incidents. In addition, the security team is supposed to examine any unfamiliar occurrence which may involve system controls. Documentation must encompass all the facets of the attack which can possibly be identified. Documentation will assist in adjusting proactive strategies for curbing potential intrusion or reducing destructions. Implement Contingency Plan If there is a contingency arrangement, it can be put into operation to avoid time wastage and to maintain business operations. In a situation whereby there is no emergency plan, create a suitable plan based on the evidence from the previous step. Review Outcome â€Å"Examining the outcome is important and should involve: loss in efficiency, information or mislaid, and the used to reorganize the system† (Pfleeger, 2008, p. 678). If possible, list the type of attack, its source, the mechanisms that were used to execute it, and the loopholes that were exploited. Review Policy Effectiveness If there ar e policies to guard against an intrusion that has occurred, they must be examined, reviewed and tested out for their efficiency. New polices must be created if they have not been used before to reduce potential attacks. Amend Policy Properly If the policy is of poor quality, it must be upgraded properly. Updating of polices should only be undertaken by an authorized personnel that deals with system securities. Moreover, a security policy can be configured in a manner that it only allows the users to access the system during the normal working hours. This reduces hacking incidences. Conclusion The security managers of Socià ©tà © Gà ©nà ©rale should determine the amount of time and resources that can enable them to create effective security controls. Apart from setting up an efficient security strategy, security auditors need to realize that security is a full time need in the organization. Hence, they should always update their security system regularly. This assessment on Cyber Security was written and submitted by user Vihaan Ingram to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Free Essays on T.V. Violence

What has the world come to these days? It often seems like everywhere one looks, violence rears its ugly head. We see it in the streets, back alleys, school, and even at home. The last of these is a major source of violence. In many peoples' living rooms there sits an outlet for violence that often goes unnoticed. It is the television, and the children who view it are often pulled into its realistic world of violence scenes with sometimes devastating results. Much research has gone into showing why children are so mesmerized by this big glowing box and the action that takes place within it. Research shows that it is definitely a major source of violent behavior in children. The research proves time and time again that aggression and television viewing do go hand in hand. The truth about television violence and children has been shown. Some are trying to fight this problem. Others are ignoring it and hoping it will go away. Still others don't even seem to care. However, the facts are undeniable. The studies have been carried out and all the results point to one conclusion: Television violence causes children to be violent and the effects can be life-long. The information can't be ignored. Violent television viewing does affect children. The effects have been seen in a number of cases. In New York, a 16-year-old boy broke into a cellar. When the police caught him and asked him why he was wearing gloves he replied that he had learned to do so to not leave fingerprints and that he discovered this on television. In Alabama, a nine-year-old boy received a bad report card from his teacher. He suggested sending the teacher poisoned candy as revenge as he had seen on television the night before. In California, a seven-year-old boy sprinkled ground-up glass into the lamb stew the family was to eat for dinner. When asked why he did it he replied that he wanted to see if the results would be the same in real life as they were on television. Thes... Free Essays on T.V. Violence Free Essays on T.V. Violence What has the world come to these days? It often seems like everywhere one looks, violence rears its ugly head. We see it in the streets, back alleys, school, and even at home. The last of these is a major source of violence. In many peoples' living rooms there sits an outlet for violence that often goes unnoticed. It is the television, and the children who view it are often pulled into its realistic world of violence scenes with sometimes devastating results. Much research has gone into showing why children are so mesmerized by this big glowing box and the action that takes place within it. Research shows that it is definitely a major source of violent behavior in children. The research proves time and time again that aggression and television viewing do go hand in hand. The truth about television violence and children has been shown. Some are trying to fight this problem. Others are ignoring it and hoping it will go away. Still others don't even seem to care. However, the facts are undeniable. The studies have been carried out and all the results point to one conclusion: Television violence causes children to be violent and the effects can be life-long. The information can't be ignored. Violent television viewing does affect children. The effects have been seen in a number of cases. In New York, a 16-year-old boy broke into a cellar. When the police caught him and asked him why he was wearing gloves he replied that he had learned to do so to not leave fingerprints and that he discovered this on television. In Alabama, a nine-year-old boy received a bad report card from his teacher. He suggested sending the teacher poisoned candy as revenge as he had seen on television the night before. In California, a seven-year-old boy sprinkled ground-up glass into the lamb stew the family was to eat for dinner. When asked why he did it he replied that he wanted to see if the results would be the same in real life as they were on television. Thes...

Friday, February 21, 2020

Short Story Theme Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Short Story Theme - Essay Example One day Mrs. Obrian heard a delicate thump at the kitchen entryway. When she opened the entryway, she saw Mr. Ramirez and two cops, one on each one side of him. Mrs. Obrian asked what had happened. To start with Mr. Ramirez was succeeding, and he did not appear to have words to clarify. Anyhow before long he said: "I have been here thirty months." Also, one of the policemen said that it was six months excessively long and that he just had an interim visa. At that point, Mr. Ramirez said: "So here I am, to let you know I must surrender my room." She inquired as to whether he was backtracking to Mexico. Also, he said that he was, once again to Lagos. Mrs. Obrian felt exceptionally sad for him. Mr. Ramirez had officially gathered his pack, and he gave the keys to Mrs. Obrian. He let her know that she had been a decent inhabitant, and he thanked her. Mrs. Obrian said that she was certain too bad. Moreover, after that Mr. Ramirez said that he would not like to about-face, because he prefe rred it there and needed to remain. He had worked there and earned a ton of cash, so he felt exceptionally miserable when he needed to backpedal to Mexico. Whats more, all of a sudden he expressed crying. His detaches were moving from under his eyelids. He connected his hands and took Mrs. Obrians hand intensely, shaking it, wringing it and expecting to remember. Moreover, afterward he said: "Mrs. Obrian, I see you never, I see you never!" The policemen grinned at this, yet Mr. Ramirez did not perceive it, and they quit grinning soon. Also, Mr. Ramirez proceeded with: "Farewell, Mrs. Obrian. You have respected me. Gracious, farewell, Mrs. Obrian. I see you never!" The title of this story and the conduct of the inhabitant, Mr. Ramirez, demonstrate that ungainly dialect or erroneous lingual authority can express significant contemplations. As Mr. Ramirez is leaving and saying farewell to his landowner, Mrs. Obrien,